© Costis Zagas
The National Theatre of Greece was found in 1930. Operating systematically since 1932, it has succeeded in moulding a powerful theatrical tradition encompassing ancient Greek drama and international classical repertoire as well as contemporary Greek and international theatre.
The National Theatre of Greece has four different stages and a Drama School. Along with the performances it has a rich parallel programme which includes visual arts, exhibitions, projections of films, new dramaturges’ competition, festival of play-reading, conversations.
Under the Artistic Direction of Yannis Houvardas, the National Theatre of Greece opens up to collaborations with foreign theatres and artists: tours, joint productions with major foreign theatres, participation in international festivals, educational programmes, invitations to important contemporary artists are part of our efforts to broaden an already established network, including key cultural and theatrical organisations in Greece and abroad. In April 2008, the National Theatre of Greece became a member of the UTE (Union des Théâtres de l’Europe).
© Ezio Ferreri
© Mauro D'Agati
Artistic Direction | Matteo Bavera
UTE member since 2000
The Teatro Garibaldi di Palermo was officially opened in 1861. The building itself had a hard life: Closed, changed into a cinema and after it had been run to seed it was only given back to the city in the 1990s, thanks to a big renovation project. Today, it’s a lively institution, showing plays of international prominence. The Garibaldi, as we know it today, has a very young structure, open to the newest purposes of contemporary scene. At the same time, its past is rich in events and troubles and doesn’t lack movement. Located in the ancient Arabic quarter of Palermo, the Garibaldi is the artistic pulsating heart of the city. An archaeological frame around its building underlines its symbolic importance for Palermo and its historical memory. The Garibaldi is a place where history meets experimentation. An ambitious project according to the modern conception of theatrical spaces has been applied to the theatre. Its programme policy is sort of dialectic: It shows important local authors representing the soul of Palermo with all its magic and powerful imagery, along with the new protagonists of the European theatre scene.
© David Bauminger
Since its founding, Habima has been attentively attuned and responsive to the heartbeat of the nation. As Israel's National Theatre, it is dedicated to the promotion and perpetuation of the Hebrew language and culture; and to preserving the country's collective memory and shaping its identity, through theatrical productions, special events and long theatre days countrywide—with special emphasis on audiences, especially young people, in peripheral locations, many of whom have rarely, if ever, been exposed to professional theatre.
Habima productions probe questions of war and peace, Israeli-Arab relations, tensions between religious and secular Jews and between new immigrants and veteran Israelis, look at the status of women, the dynamics of inter-generational relations, raise questions about corruption and bureaucracy, examine Jewish issues and Jewish history, depict life in the shadow of the Holocaust, and reflect on Israeli history and society, including the life of Israel's foreign workers. Israeli aspirations and dilemmas are also portrayed through classics adapted to render them meaningful to local issues and national concerns.
The theatre has represented Israel at leading theatre festivals, has been repeatedly voted the country's leading theatre by the Israeli public. Habima productions have won outstanding international critical acclaim.
Along with the 100-year celebrations of Tel Aviv, Habima celebrated its 90th birthday. In the year 2011, the curtain will rise for a magnificent Habima building, whose façade faces the future.
© Matěj Samec & František Pecháček
The National Theatre of Czech Republic was established in 1883 and is the Czech Republic’s representative stage. It is one of the symbols of Czech national identity and a part of the European cultural arena. It is a bearer of national cultural heritage and at the same time an arena for free artistic creativity. The theatre is a living artistic organisation which understands tradition as imposing a task and duty to find constantly new interpretation and it endeavours to achieve highest artistic quality.
Today’s National Theatre comprises three artistic ensembles – opera, drama and ballet – which alternate in performances in the historic building of the National Theatre, the Estates Theatre, the New Stage and the Kolowrat Theatre. All three artistic ensembles choose their repertoire not only from the wealth of classical references, but in addition to Czech authors also focus on modern international creative work.
© István Biro
The Hungarian Theatre of Cluj founded in 1792 is the oldest Hungarian theatre in Romania. It is a repertory theatre, entirely subsidized by the Romanian Ministry of Culture and National Heritage. Under the artistic and administrative leadership of Gábor Tompa, the institution aligned with new trends of contemporary theatre and took its place in the circuit of European theatres. This is largely due to the organisation of international theatrical events and collaboration with world renowned directors such as Matthias Langhoff, Dominique Serrand, Silviu Purcărete, Andrei Şerban, David Zinder, Patrick Le Mauff, Elie Malka, and Mihai Măniuţiu. As a member of the UTE, the ambition is to ensure sustainability through developing public awareness for contemporary theatrical tendencies, as well as establishing and strengthening prolific, mutual and long-term professional connections with existing and potential partner institutions, while maintaining a high standard artistic programme and a wide range of other cultural offers.
© Peter Manninger
The Schauspielhaus Graz is one of the best-known Austrian theatres. It is a modern repertory theatre, creating 15 to 20 productions in 3 venues per season. Under the leadership of artistic and managing director Anna Badora since 2006, the theatre has successfully sharpened its profile, attracting internationally known actors and directors, hitting a utilisation of 90 %.
A strong focus is put on international co-operations, involving artists’ exchange (as Badora already practised in Düsseldorf). A major project was in 2008 “Blog the Theatre”, an Internet-based theatre project, involving six middle and Eastern European countries (subsidised by the EU “Culture 2007-2013” Programme, invited to "Culture in motion conference" Brussels 2009 ). Annual invitations to major festivals, such as the “Berliner Theatertreffen”, Salzburger Festspiele, Festival NET (Moscow). Several nominations and an award for the annual theatre prize “Nestroy”. In May 2011, the Schauspielhaus Graz won the “Golden Mask” theatre award in Moscow for Viktor Bodó’s production of “The Hour We Knew Nothing Of Each Other” by Peter Handke in the category “best foreign production of 2010”. In previous years, this award had gone to, amongst others, Robert Lepage, Alvis Hermanis, Michael Thalheimer or Pina Bausch. The Schauspielhaus Graz is a member of the UTE (Union des Théâtres de l’Europe).